Activities carried out in the Ministry of Education of Kenya (2010-2011)

1 Jan 2010 to 27 Jul 2011

List of activities carried out in the Ministry of Education of Kenya as a way of implementing the 2009 Mombasa communique

  • 2010- Development of the education sector policy on peace education
  • 2010- Carried out a monitoring exercise on the peace education
  • 2010 - Held a peace education stakeholders' conference and established a peace education steering committee
  • 26th -27th July 2011- To sensitize senior managers in the education sector on peace education

Brief of the Ministry of Education of Kenya Programme

1.0 Background

Peace Education programme was introduced in February 2008.The aim of this programme is to inculcate values of tolerance, appreciation of diversity, peaceful co-existence, patriotism, nationhood among others.

The programme is intended to help learners acquire relevant knowledge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to foster behaviour change that will enhance peaceful co-existence. Peace Education will empower learners with problem solving skills, ability to address conflicts peacefully, and thus promote tolerance for diversity, cultural differences and human dignity. Young minds, at the formative stage, need to be effectively equipped with values and attitudes that promote interdependence and respect of the sanctity for human life and appreciation of the environment.

This programme is implemented through partnerships and collaboration with Development partners (UNICEF, UNCHR, UNESCO). Other partners who have programmes that support the initiative include Nairobi Peace Initiatives (NPI- Africa),Peace Net, Carmel Bell,Lifeskills Promoters, Oasis Africa.

2.0 Rationale

The government of Kenya recognises the importance of education in shaping a peaceful future.In this regard the Ministry of Education aims at ensuring that both the content and the process of education promote peace, social justice, respect for human rights.

Kenya is committed to providing basic and quality education to every child. In view of this, it is the country’s desire to provide a learning environment that is harmonious and safe for all. Further on, integration of peace education promotes development of values and attitudes for positive living hence facilitate holistic development of the learners. The country therefore puts emphasis in education as the very foundation through which a just and peaceful society can be built.

Peace Education is in tandem with the Kenya Vision 2030 which is the blue print for economic growth and development in Kenya. One of the vision’s pillars, the Political Pillar aims at enhancing patriotism and nationhood. In particular, the pillar provides for strategies in peace building and conflict managementwith an aim of;

  • promoting processes for national and intercommunity dialogue in order to build harmony among ethnic, racial and other interests groups;
  • promoting peace building and reconciliation to improve conflict management and ensure sustained peace within the country; and
  • inculcating a culture of respect for the sanctity of human life that does not resort to the use of violence as an instrument of resolving personal and community disputes. This should start with the family, schools, the church and all the public institutions.”

The post election violence witnessed in Kenya in 2007/2008 indicated the need for enhancing skills and values for peace among Kenyans and in particular the young people as they were extensively and intensively involved in the violence.

3.0 Objectives

  • To prepare learners to become responsible citizens and equip them with skills that promote peace and human dignity at all levels of interaction.
  • To make learners aware of causes of conflict and ways of resolving conflicts peacefully.
  • To use the classroom as a springboard through which the global values of positive interdependence, social justice and participation in decision making processes are learned and practiced by learners. 
  • To foster positive images that leads to respect for cultural diversity so that young people may learn to live peaceably in diverse communities around the world.
  • To promote nationhood and citizenship among learners.

4.0: Achievements

    • Training of 18 National Master Trainers on peace education
    • Development of Peace Education Training Manuals
    • Development of primary school Teacher Activity Books for;
      • Classes 1-3
      • Classes 4-5
      • Classes 6-8
    • Training of over 8,000 field officers and teachers on peace education
    • Launching of the peace education programme by the Hon. Minister of Education.
    • Dissemination of 50,000 copies of peace education materials.
    • Development of a draft policy on peace education
    • Monitoring of the peace education programme and development of a peace education monitoring report
    • Sensitisation of 3,000 principals of secondary schools on peace education
    • Hosting one national and two regional peace education conference between 2008-2009.

    5.0: Implementation

    Peace Education is participatory and activity oriented. It neither taught as an extra subject in class nor examined as a standalone subject. It is integrated into the Life Skills Curriculum as the main carrier subject, social studies and other related subjects. It is als implemented through co-curricular activities like music drama festivals, peace clubs among others.

    6.0: WAY FORWARD

    Peace education is yet to be rolled out in two regions. The Ministry of education aims at training at least one teacher per school in the regions. Production of secondary school peace education materials in progress Plans are underway for the evaluation of the programme through support from UNICEF.

    The Ministry also plans to introduce the programme in pre-service training of teachers.


    The need for continued collaboration and networking in peace building through education cannot be overemphasized. It is now clear that African development will depend on stability in the continent and beyond.